It All Started With The Spark!

On the banks of river Nile in the late B.Cs, a curious fisherman accidentally got sparked or rather electrically shocked by a fish. History stands evident to this event as the first noted experience of mankind with electricity. In Egypt, the fish was then famously known as the 'Thunderer of the Nile.'

Thunderer of the Nile

In the early ages, back then, Egyptians were distinguishably superstitious. They professed the 'Thunderer of the Nile' as a protector of other fishes. Electricity fascinated Egyptians, more so the charms of electricity or magical waves; which could travel through object with conductivity. Later, it was discovered in scriptures of ancient cultures that certain objects when scuffed with cat's fur could attract lighter objects. This enlightened discoverers to find the notion of static electric charges.

Hieronymus Bosch

Interestingly, magicians used the knowledge of static electricity to amuse people.

William Gilbert

Till the 1600s, for over a millennia the discovery of electricity and its concepts stayed not more than an intellectual curiosity. William Gilbert, an English physician was curious about the behaviour of electric charges and magnets. He knew that a theory stays unexplained regarding the wonders of electricity. Through his experiments he found that the Earth has a magnetic core and was made-up of iron which explained the movement of compass needles. He derived conclusions from his experiments to gain better insights on electricity and magnetism. In the study of the sciences over the years, William Gilbert's conclusion that electricity gets damaged when exposed to heat, whereas magnetic effects do not; were later proved to be misconceived.

William Gilbert demonstrating his experiments before queen Elizabeth.

Francis Hauksbee

Francis Hauksbee (1660-1713) was an English scientist who developed a machine to generate static charges. He discovered that when mercury was juddered in a barometer it glowed or rather turned luminous. Demonstration of the same at the Royal Society of London left the people of London awestruck.

Hauksbee Generator

Stephen Gray

Stephen Gray (1666- 1736) performed the gold leaf experiment to demonstrate electric charges. He distinguished the conductivity of few materials over others.

Stephen Gray Leaf Experiment

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin a renowned scientist extensively researched electricity; also known to have sold his possessions to fund his work. The eminent kite experiment worked as a revolution in the development of electricity theories and its application. He used a Leyden jar to store large amounts of +ve and -ve charges.

Banjamin franklin Kite Experiment

Alessandro Volta

Alessandro Volta made battery from alternate layers of zinc and copper. This provided scientist with a more reliable source of electric energy than electrostatic machines.This was the 1st source of DC current. Luigi Galvani (1737- 1798) published his discovery of bio-electromagnetism to demonstrate electricity to be a medium to pass neuron signals to the muscle.

Alessandro Volta Battery Experiment

Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday (1791-1867) contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. He discovered principles of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis. He also invented the electric motor in 1821; Georg Ohm mathematically analysed the electric circuit in 1827. In the years 1861 and 1862, James Clerk Maxwell in his work "On Physical lines of Forces" definitively linked electricity and magnetism. In the 19th century great progress in electric sciences was observed through people like Alexander Graham Bell ,Otto Blathy, Thomas Edison, Galileo Ferraris , Oliver Heaviside, Anyos Jedlik and William Thomsan. So after all these happenings, this world that we see around us today is full of electric devices. In fact it is very hard to imagine present world without electrity. there are countless inventions around us which is indeed work of generations. And Every single discovery has a mysterious story behind it. If we closely observe these stories, we will find a madly passionate guy who worked relentlessly to acheive that change. But just imagine for centuries, after the fish incident, there was a totally dormant phase in the field of electricity. It became active in last 400 years only. Why did it became active in last 400 years only? There may be many reasons for that. But surely one important reason cannot be ignored. And that reason was courage. Courage to find answer to that mysterious question. courage to understand the science behind electricity and magnetism and associate a rational logic to it. May be that person was william gilbert or the person from whom he took inspiration who is lost in history. But there was someone who took the first step in that new dimension after a span of 4000 years, finally. There may be many more other dimensions which are in their dormant phase right now and waiting for someone passionate enough to explore, someone who is inquisitive about nature and its phenomenuns. But the saddest part is we all just want to crack an exam. Very few see this subject as next scientific marvel. The greed to get into the best colleges somehow kills the thirst for understanding and analyzing nature. Many of us are searching the shortest path to secure their life and in turn miss out the true path of science.The selection ratio in IIT-JEE is very less and one of the reason is many miss out on this true path of science. The path which is really more secure, more exciting and more rewarding in long run. If one is able to see through all of this then he can feel that the approach of analysis is the path which bends the space and comes out from the other side in no time.

Electromagnetic rotation experiment of Faraday

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